__Definition__

**A normal to a line is a line segment drawn from a point perpendicular to the given line**.

Let * p* be the length of perpendicular form from the origin to a line, which subtends an anglewith the positive direction of x-axis as shown below:

Let AB be a straight line on coordinate axes. p be the perpendicular distance from the origin to the line at be the angle of perpendicular.

Draw

In ,

The coordinates of point P are .

Slope of OP,

Therefore, the equation of straight line in normal form is:

** **

__Example:__

**Determine the equation of the line with and the perpendicular distancefrom the origin.**

The standard equation of the straight line in the normal is:

,

Substitute the known values as follows:

__Question 1:__

**Determine the equation of the line whose perpendicular distance from the origin is 8 units and makes an angle of 90 ^{o }**

**in positive direction of x-axis.**

__Solution 1:__

The standard equation of the straight line in the normal is:

,

Substitute the known values as follows:

The required equation of a straight line is.